It is no secret that the villages of South Sudan are filled with turmoil. There is no shortage of violence, illness, and suffering in the landlocked East African nation. And while there is no shortage of despair, the scarcity is in the nutrition. In fact, many villagers have been reduced to eating water lillies and other plant life in hopes of ensuring their survival. Most are certain that famine is impending.
More than 1.5 million people have been displaced and the United Nations warns that South Sudan is on the verge of famine. The rainy season has made it difficult to farm the lands or travel outside of the villages to obtain food. The last resort has become citizens gathering seeds from water lillies and grinding them up to make meals. There are at least 4 million people facing starvation after many farmers were not able to plant crops during planting season. Experts assert that South Sudan will, most likely, be in a state of complete starvation by the end of the year or early next year.
Many country farmers were forced to flee their fields in anticipation of violence. Because of this, about 90% of South Sudan's land can be farmed but but only 4% of it is being cultivated. The outbreak of fighting makes delivering food aid that is so desperately needed and other humanitarian assistance far more difficult. Furthermore ,the roughly 40,000 people being held in the United Nations base must rely on humanitarian airlift to survive. Many of the flights are canceled because of fighting. With flights being canceled ,the refugees are at risk of running out of the essentials, including food and food clean water and medical supplies.
Famine has not been formally declared ,mainly because the in-depth studies and analysis of food supply, nutrition, and mortality rates that must be done beforehand can take months to complete. United Nations has, however, classified South Sudan as a Level 3 emergency, a classification that is only shared with three other countries, Syria, Iraq, and the Central African Republic.
Agencies like UNICEF often speak out against relying too much on formal declarations or detailed quantitative analysis. They warn that waiting for a formal declaration can be catastrophic. At the point when famine was declared in Somalia, half of the population that was to be effected by the food shortage had already died.
South Sudan may be lacking in nutrition but its people display copious amounts of heart. The citizens continue to battle against the unfortunate circumstances of war. There are mothers and fathers fighting each day to nourish their children. While the warring rages among the military and rebels, there is a greater crusade that is brewing. The crusade to provide the people with the food and nutrition that is needed and deserved.